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Afterwards, these four archetypes were validated by domain experts in a team review.
The review was a formalised process, organised in the Clinical Knowledge Manager.
You asked for a review of the use of field sobriety tests for drunk driving enforcement and, specifically, the so-called “California tests.” You wanted to know the scientific basis used for giving the field sobriety test battery, how it is determined if someone passes or fails the tests, and what Connecticut cases allow this information to be used to remove a license.
Until the mid 1970s, police departments around the country used many different types of field sobriety tests in enforcing drunk driving laws.
However, validation aspects are not regarded sufficiently yet.
The objective of this report is to investigate the feasibility of archetype development and its community-based validation process, presuming that this review process is a practical way to ensure high-quality information models amending the formal reference model definitions.
Examples include disabling or dismantling improvised explosive devices (packages, personnel, and vehicles); establishing situational awareness during fires or police actions; assessing large-scale industrial or transportation accidents; investigating illicit border tunnels; or mitigating potential terrorist attacks involving chemical, biological, or radiological sources.
Responders want to "start remote and stay remote" when dealing with such hazards and need capable robotic systems that can be remotely operated from safe standoff distances.
The appropriate archetype class was selected and the data elements were implemented in an iterative refinement process.
NHTSA sponsored a 1977 study in which researcher were asked to identify the tests being used throughout the country and recommend a “best” test battery for further development.
Out of the dozens of different tests then in use, the researchers identified three—the walk-and-turn, one-leg-stand, and horizontal gaze nystagmus tests—as the most accurate, practical, and reliable tests for enforcement purposes.
Average frequency (Avg Frq), maximum opening velocity (Max Op V) and amplitude decrement (Amp Dec) were computed and simultaneous video recordings of finger tapping were rated by two experts.
The Amp Dec and Max Op V motion capture measures best differentiated between PD patients and controls (AUC = 0.87 and 0.81).